Children are protected by the Withdrawal Agreement, regardless of their place of birth, before or after the UK leaves the EU, or whether they were born inside or outside the host country where the EU citizen or British national resides. The only exception is for children born after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom and for whom a parent not covered by the Withdrawal Agreement has sole custody under applicable family law. The United Kingdom has concluded similar agreements with the EEA EFTA States (Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein) and Switzerland. You can read the following: UK nationals who believe that the national authorities of an EU country have not respected the rights deriving from the Withdrawal Agreement can remedy the situation at national or EU level. The beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement are EU citizens residing in the United Kingdom and British nationals residing in one of the 27 EU Member States at the end of the transition period. The courts of the United Kingdom may refer questions to the Court of Justice of the European Union for a preliminary ruling on the interpretation of the citizen part of the Withdrawal Agreement for a period of eight years from 31 December 2020. For issues related to applying for permanent resident status in the United Kingdom, this eight-year period began on March 30, 2019. If you have lived in your EU country for less than 5 years, you can stay as long as you meet one of the residency requirements. There are exceptions (for example. B you can have a short period of unemployment while remaining insured as an “employee”).

You must spend at least 6 months in your EU country over a period of 12 months to retain your right of residence. The protection of those who have moved abroad has been a top priority since the beginning of the negotiations. The decisions that each country has taken for its residence system and the time limits within which British nationals and their family members residing in countries with constituent systems must apply for a new residence status can be found in the following file with the main national websites. The material conditions of residence are and will remain the same as in existing Union law on the free movement of persons. EU citizens and UK nationals who arrived in the host country before 1 January 2021 will enjoy the same rights and obligations under the Withdrawal Agreement as those who arrived in the host country before 1 February 2020. In order to exercise these rights, citizens may have to apply for a new residence status, depending on the country that has decided to opt for a so-called constitutive or declaratory system. If you have a right of residence under the Withdrawal Agreement, existing EU rules on the coordination of social security systems also apply to you. This means that: If you have residence rights under the Withdrawal Agreement, you also have the right to be treated on an equal footing with nationals of the country in which you live and not to be discriminated against. They have roughly the same rights to work, study and access benefits and services as before the UK left the EU. The United Kingdom left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. The conditions of departure are governed by the Withdrawal Agreement. It contains rules for the UK`s withdrawal and its consequences, including the rights of UK citizens residing abroad.

The Authority and the European Commission shall inform each other annually, through the Joint Committee established by the Withdrawal Agreement, of the measures taken to implement and enforce citizens` rights under the Agreement. That information should include, in particular, the number and type of complaints dealt with and any follow-up to the legal action taken. Detailed guidance on part of the civil rights of the Withdrawal Agreement can be found in the Declaration on Civil Rights. You can also consult the full text of the Withdrawal Agreement. Who are the beneficiaries of the Withdrawal Agreement? The following document describes the solution that UK nationals covered by the Withdrawal Agreement can use to defend their rights. Please note that the information contained in the above file does not reflect the official opinion of the Commission. Responsibility for the information and views expressed therein lies entirely with the competent national authorities of the Member States, which are the first point of contact for UNITED Kingdom nationals. Please also note that the situation is constantly evolving, so regularly check the latest information and news on the national websites listed. The Commission will continue to update the information on this website with the latest contributions from the EU-27 Member States. The Withdrawal Agreement protects all EU citizens who, at the end of the transition period, were in a situation involving both the UK and a Member State.

Family members and survivors are also protected. The joint reports provide an overview of the progress made in the implementation of the new residence status and the issuance of residence documents proving this status for EU citizens in the UK and for UK nationals in EU Member States. Essentially, EU citizens and UK nationals meet these conditions if: The text of the Withdrawal Agreement on citizens` rights can be invoked directly by EU citizens in UK courts and by UK nationals in the courts of EU member states. Any national legislation incompatible with the provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement must be discarded. The Withdrawal Agreement does not require physical presence in the host country at the end of the transition period – temporary absences that do not affect the right of residence and longer absences that do not affect the right of permanent residence are accepted. These rules on the coordination of social security systems may also apply to other persons, e.B. UK nationals who are frontier workers in an EU country. A dedicated website provides information on national residence schemes, support measures and important websites for each EU country. Tips for BRITISH nationals and their families living in Poland: Freedom of movement is one of the foundations of the European Union, and many EU citizens and British nationals moved abroad to live, work or study when the UK was an EU member state. What do you need to know about the UK`s withdrawal from the EU? After living permanently in an EU country for 5 years, you can become a permanent resident. Once you have this right, you no longer have to fulfil the residence requirements and can only lose it if you live outside your EU country for more than 5 consecutive years.

On 12 May 2020, the European Commission adopted a guide that will be crucial for national authorities in the proper implementation of the part of the Withdrawal Agreement dedicated to citizens` rights. The following documents describe the rights and rights of UK nationals in their EU host country under the Withdrawal Agreement. They are not intended to describe the rights and rights of UK nationals under the national rules adopted by the host EU for the adoption of the Withdrawal Agreement. You may need to register or apply for a new residency status to stay. Read more specific information about life in your EU country. If you are insured, your family members living with you in an EU country until 31 December 2020 are also insured. . The Withdrawal Agreement also protects you if you live in the UK or another EU country and work in another EU country. These are called “frontier workers”. The same applies to any EU citizen who has moved to the UK or to UK nationals who have moved to an EU Member State during the transition period.

The Withdrawal Agreement protects the rights of British nationals and their family members living in EU countries. It also protects family members who are granted rights under EU law (such as current spouses and registered partners, parents, grandparents, children, grandchildren and a person in an existing permanent relationship) from joining their family member in the future. The UK`s independent supervisory authority will be given powers equivalent to those of the European Commission in order to: The Withdrawal Agreement guarantees these citizens and their family members on the whole the same rights they had before the UK left the EU: they can continue to live freely between the UK and the EU, study, work and travel. If you are a BRITISH national living in an EU country until 31 December 2020, you are insured, provided that you meet one of the residence conditions you have: people who are protected by the Withdrawal Agreement and who have not yet acquired a right of permanent residence – if they have not lived in the host country for at least five years – will be fully protected by the Withdrawal Agreement. and may continue to reside in the host Member State and acquire a right of permanent residence in the host Member State after receiving five years of residence. .