Unable to convince the revolutionaries to surrender, Governor General Primo de Rivera issued a decree on July 2, 1897, prohibiting residents from leaving their villages and towns. Contrary to his expectations, they continued to fight. Within days, Aguinaldo and his men planned to establish a republic. Aguinaldo issued a proclamation from his hiding place in Biak-na-Bato entitled “To the brave sons of the Philippines,” in which he listed his revolutionary demands: in Biaknabato on this first day of the year`s earthquake of one thousand eight hundred and nine earthquakes; The People`s Liberation Party (Reuters) came together in the 1980s to reform the Republic of the Philippines` halal law, which was passed in March this year in the city of Naik, the city of 100,000 people in the 10th-century country. == References ===== External links ===* Official website and in accordance with the sign of Law 29 and after a long examination, the verses that followed were generally co-published: Artículo II. Serán atribuciones del Consejo Supremo de Gobierno: I. Adoptar todas las medidas encaminadas a sostener y desarrollar su existencia, dictando las disposiciones que crea adecuadas para la conservación y seguridad de la vida civil y política de la Nación. II. Collect and receive contributions, take out domestic or foreign loans if necessary, spend paper money and new currency, and invest the funds collected for each concept for the attention of the State in its various branches.

III. Authorization of the Corso with the necessary patent, declaration of reprisals, formation and organization of troops and their maintenance, ratification of treaties and conclusion of a peace treaty with Spain with ratification by the Assembly of Deputies. IV. Submit the judiciary, if it deems it appropriate, to the President or to one of the members of the Council if they are accused of violations of which the knowledge corresponds to the judiciary, and clarify all types of requests of a citizen, with the exception of the judicial request. V. To have the intervention and supreme direction of military operations, if they deem it necessary for the achievement of high political objectives: to approve, reform or modify the pages and regulations of the army proposed by the general of the army, to give the diplomas and promotions of those of the first lieutenant and to grant honors and awards, obtained for military service at the suggestion of the same captain general of the army. VI. Elect and appoint a Captain General and a Lieutenant General and VII.

Order the convening of the Assembly of Deputies if necessary in accordance with the requirements of this Constitution. Paterno`s efforts led to a peace agreement called the Biak-na-Bato Pact. These were three documents, the first two of which were signed on 14 December 1897 and the third on 15 December; to end the Republic of Biak-na-Bato. ▪ Expulsion of monks and restitution of monastic land to Filipinos Representation of the Philippines in the Spanish Cortes ▪ Freedom of the press and religious freedom ▪ Abolition of the government`s power to ban ▪ Filipinos ▪ Equality for all before the law. Article XXIII Every Filipino has the right to petition or remonstrances of any importance, personally or through his representative, to the Governing Council of the Republic. On August 9, 1897, Paterno Aguinaldo proposed a peace based on reforms and amnesty. In the months that followed, Paterno practiced shuttle diplomacy and went back and forth between Manila and Biak-na-Bato, carrying proposals and counter-proposals. Paterno`s efforts led to a peace agreement called the Biak-na-Bato Pact. These were three documents, the first two of which were signed on 14 December 1897 and the third on 15 December; to end the Republic of Biak-na-Bato. [10] The Constitution of the Republic of Biak-na-Bato was written by Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho, who copied the Cuban Constitution of Jimaguayú almost word for word. [2] It provided for the creation of a Supreme Council, created on November 1, 1897, with the following elected officials[3][4] Article XXVII.

Debts and other commitments entered into before the promulgation of this Constitution by the generals and other chiefs of the Revolutionary Army, as well as their notes and orders, shall be recognized and ratified today, as well as any subsequent debt certified by the Government. Overall, the biak-na-bato plan was a leadership approach that moderated the authoritarian origins of government through self-imposed restrictions characterized by grace and awareness of genuine patriotism. Since almost all of Cavite was in Spanish hands, [Governor General] Primo de Rivera issued another decree extending the benefit of his pardon beyond 17 May 1897. His goal was to convince Filipinos of his policy of attraction. Some took advantage of the governor`s decree, while the others continued their resistance to the enemy. By July 1897, Aguinaldo and his men had already established a republican government in Biyak-na-Bato, known as the Biyak-na-Bato Republic. The provisional constitution of this republic was prepared by Felix Ferrer and Isabelo Artacho, who almost literally copied the Cuban constitution of Jimaguayu. The Biyak-na-bato Constitution was signed on November 1, 1897. The preamble states: Aguinaldo declared that he would abolish the departmental-regional system of government by adopting the “Constitucion Provisional de Republica de Filipinas”, which the delegates then signed. It was the decision of men over whom the people had no direct control or influence, whose authority came from abnormal and extra-constitutional conditions, but who set their authority at two years and left it to the representatives to interpret the judgment of the people. One hundred years ago today, our besieged ancestors tried to peacefully end the violence and conflicts that had swept the country as our nation struggled to be born – courageous and honorable men – all patriots. Here in this sacred place, about 52 revolutionaries gathered to seek an honorable, just and just peace with Spain, the colonial ruler.

On the second day of November 1897, the first phase of our revolution came to an end. We fought for the independence of our people and for our right as a nation and to take their rightful place among the free nations of the world. Modern constitutionalists will easily discover the flaws in the Biak-na-Bato constitution. Defects are usually seen in the form of omissions or incompleteness. Modern Filipinos want their constitution to cover most requirements and details, mainly out of distrust of their rulers, a distrust due to the experience of martial law. The redemptive virtue of the Biak-na-Bato Constitution was that the handful of men who proclaimed it assured that it would be temporary or temporary. (4) It was also agreed to expel religious bodies in the Philippines and to create an autonomous political and administrative system of government, although at the special request of General Primo de Rivera, these conditions were not required in the drafting of the treaty, with the general claiming that such concessions would expose the government to sharp criticism and even ridicule. [11] Ang “Copia ng Constituciong Halal sa Biak-na-bato,” na isinalin ni Francisco Macabulos y Soliman noong 12 Mayo 1898 sa Hongkong, ay makikita sa Philippine Revolutionary Records, reel#8, folder#55, document#6.

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